Polish scientists are the authors of many discoveries and inventions, without which the world would look different today. Some of them revolutionized various industries or even formed the basis of them. Others have saved thousands, if not millions, of lives.
Discoveries and inventions have changed the world since the beginning of human history. However, not all of them were equally significant. We have collected examples of Polish discoveries and inventions that greatly influenced either the perception of the world or people’s lives, directly, even literally saving them, or indirectly, for example, leading to the development of important industries.
Polish scientists and achievements that revolutionized the world
Already the Renaissance astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus formulated a theory that turned the view on science and the world upside down, revolutionizing our perception of the cosmos. In turn, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, a great Polish scientist, not only discovered two new elements, supplementing knowledge about the world, but also created an important field of modern medicine from scratch.
Directly, many thousands, if not millions of lives were saved by the vaccines developed by Rudolf Weigl and Hilary Koprowski. The lives and limbs of many people were saved by Józef Kosacki’s invention.
Other Poles, such as Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Tadeusz Sendzimir or Jan Czochralski, made a huge contribution to the establishment or development of the oil, metallurgical and electronic industries.
Selected achievements of Polish scientists, which definitely contributed to shaping our world, are presented in the gallery below.